Note: The pay language for example is: (z.B. “Each sub-licence must have a licence rate for net sales at least equal to the rate set in section [ROYALTIES] and the economic return the donor receives from a marketing of products covered by or for the benefit of end-users by or on behalf of a sublicensed is at least the economic return that the donor would have obtained if the taker had been directly involved in such marketing.” Note: “To avoid any doubt, end-users are not allowed to modify, distribute or sublicensing covered products (or embedded or integrated licensed technologies) and the policyholder ensures that each end user is informed in writing of all applicable restrictions.” If the licensee is to have changes or improvements to the IP granted or to the data collected/generated, the licensee should be required to obtain the transfer of these rights from a sublicensed in question. The licensee is responsible for the activities of the sublicensing. In this context, we highlight the reflections on the establishment of sublicensing rules in the context of an intellectual property license. Note: The license should expressly prohibit any sub-licensing (for example. B in the transfer clause) “unless it is expressly specified otherwise.” The license can also be designed in such a way that certain types of “normal” sublicensing activities are permitted without explicit prior authorization (. For example, a sub-licensing that is usual or customary in the area within the zone and territory, with respect to products or services that essentially resemble the covered products in force; (b) does not grant all or substantial portion of the rights granted under the section [LICENSE GRANT]; and (c) is primarily for one or more of the following objectives: research, development, testing or manufacturing.” Note: End-user problems and constraints may vary depending on the type of technology/market. Note: These issues are particularly important for university licensees.